Voting Machine – The computer capable of changing the future

2 August 2012 | In Tips | 7,1 thousand views | By

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urna eletronicaAt the very mention of Brazil Voting Machine. Is this device that allows a broader democracy and significant, making every citizen a constituent Member of the decisions to leaders from all social groups. This final stretch for the Elections 2012 the General Tips group prepared an interesting story explaining about the voting machine that, on the next day 7 October, is your decision tool.

Did you know that the urn, different from what most people have, is a computer? This same. The device you use to deposit their vote is a computer. It may not look, but this is an equipment designed with a single purpose, However several resources.

The Brazilian voting machine is a micro-computador responsible for storage of votes during elections. The device was developed in Brazil in 1996 and since then a number of other countries have been testing this and other similar equipment. There is much controversy about the birth of electronic voting, Since, Since the years 1980, during the military regime, occurred in several studies on   Brazil elections-European computerised. However, the idea of electronic voting machines signed from surveys conducted by the Electoral Court to make easier the process of voting and counting in elections.

Groups of engineers and researchers linked to the Brazilian General command for aerospace technology (CTA) and the National Institute for space research (INPE) were those responsible for the design of large-scale computerized election in the country. We highlight the work of engineers Mauro Hashioka (INPE), Paul Nakaya ShadeINPEPE) and Oswaldo CatsumCTACTA), among other professionals, for the design of safety equipment.

prototipo ue 2000The voting machine that automated 100% the elections, in Brazil, It was developed by a Brazilian company, the OMNITECH services in technology and Marketing, between 1995 e 1996 and improved in 1997 for the model that has become the standard and up to today. THE TSE (Superior Electoral Court)  already purchased more than 500.000 polls, through 6 public tenders, of 1996 the 2006 two American firms and systems integration, Unisys Brazil, in 1996 e 2002, and Diebold Procomp in 1998, 2000, 2004 e 2006. All the fabriandation of the voting machine was performed by custom manufacturing companies such as TDA Industry, Samurai, Flextronics FIC and Brazil Brazil.

In 1995 the TSE has formed a technical committee headed by researchers from the INPE and the CTA, São José dos Campos, you have defined a functional requirements specification for the first voting machine, then call the sink e-mail votes – CEV. To design, develop and manufacture the electronic voting for the election of 1996 opened a bid with the Edital TSE 002/1995, where competed to IBM, who proposed a project based on a notebook, the Procomp, that presented a kind of auto kiosk banking service and Unisys, the winner of the bidding with an original design that has become the standard used until today. Unisys license to commercialize the contracted TSE the voting machine developed by OMNITECH.

In 1996 was the filing of the application for a patent of invention of the voting machine in the INPI, by engineer Charles Rocha of OMNITECH and Samurai.

In 1997 the current model of voting machine, model EU 2000, an enhancement of the original urn done by OMNITECH, the Ministry of science and technology recognized that caters to condition well with technology developed in the country through Ordinance No. 413 of 27 October 1997.

The deployment of electronic voting makes some of the former and common external fraud paper voting (as the “vote carneirinho”, “busy little vote”, or votes of protest held in favour of animals known as the monkey Tião and the Rhino Cacareco etc.).

In 1985 There was the deployment of a computerised electoral register by the TSE, While the voting machine as if conceives today only was developed in 1995 and used for the first time in municipal elections the following year. But it was in 1989, in the city of Brusque, Santa Catarina, where the judge Carlos Prudêncio held the first voting experience with micro-computers.

The voting machine aimed to identify alternatives for the automation of the voting process and to define the necessary measures for its implementation, from the elections of 1996, in more than fifty Brazilian municipalities. At the time only municipalities with a certain number of electors would have electronic voting. The only exception to this rule was fairly Brusque, which had already been previously digital election.

URNs brasileiras were developed in several models at each election since 1996, in the following quantities:

  • 1996 – produced 70 thousand. Donated 20 thousand to Paraguay in 2006 and the rest was thrown in 2008.
  • 1998 – produced 84 thousand. Discarded in 2009.
  • 2000 – produced 191 thousand. To be discarded after the election of 2010
  • 2002 – produced 50 thousand. To be discarded after the election of 2010
  • 2004 – produced 75 thousand.
  • 2006 – Biometrics. Produced 25 thousand.
  • 2008 – Biometrics. Produced 58 thousand.
  • 2009 – Biometrics. Produced 200 thousand.
  • 2010 – Biometrics. Produced: 200 thousand.

The models 1996 the 2000 ran the operating system VirtuOS. The models 2002, 2004 and 2006 ran the operating system Windows CE. From 2008 all models now use the operating system Linux and were used around 450 thousand electronic voting machines.

urna eletronica modelo 2000According to the basic design of the model 2010 the main components of the Brazilian voting machine are:

  • Memory: two flash memory cards and an internal external, with the identical data, where is written to the operating system, the programs applications, the data about the candidates and where the votes are recorded through redundancy and security mechanisms so as to try to impede misuse of votes and the breaking of their secrecy.
  • Pen-drive: to write the result to the end of the vote.
  • Printer module: used before the start of the vote for the impression of “zerésima” and at the end of the vote for printing the “Bulletin urna”.
  • Mesário Terminal or microterminal: a small keyboard numeric with fingerprint biometric reader voter, whereby the voter to vote mesário authorizes the by typing the number of the title of elector.
  • Voter Terminal: composed of a LCD screen and a numeric keyboard whereby the voter makes his choice, has the keys WHITE, FIXES and CONFIRMS.

The versions of 2006 the 2010 has bound mechanisms for identifying the thumbprint of the elector but not offend the provisions of 5 of Art. 5of the Act 12.034/2009, which will enter into force on 2014, and who determines that the “the machine to identify (the elector) has no connection with the voting machine”.

The first phase of the project's implementation biometric identification was held during the municipal elections of 2008. The new system was tested in the cities of São João Batista (Santa Catarina), Fátima do Sul (Mato Grosso do Sul) and Colorado D'oeste (Rondônia) using around 100 biometric urns.

Way to tell how much technology applied in that device where you vote? Because it is, the technology is present in much of our life, mainly in the future. Therefore, in these elections, conscious vote and not face the URN as a harmful equipment. Is a computer, who is working for our society.

Believe It: This is the only computer able to change the future. The other? Are a consequence of it.

With information from Wikipedia.

In Ivaiporã-PR, Computer engineer, Workgroup Administrator Tips in General. Passionate about technology and Informatics.

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